RIGHT TO RECALL
FAQs on Right To Recall
Why is corruption in US policemen low (except in drugs related cases)?
The one and only one reason why corruption in US police is low is because citizens in US have procedure to expel District Police Commissioner of their district. So Police Commissioner in US takes very less bribes and also ensures that his staff doesn’t take much bribes. If Police Commissioner in US comes to know that his junior staff is taking bribes, he will immediately run a sting operation, gather evidences and gets them expelled. Because he fears that if corruption in junior staff increases, the citizens may expel him.
The corruption in US police in drugs related cases is because most citizens in US have much bad drug laws. But since in India, citizens have NO procedure to expel Police Chief, the Chief not only collects bribes, he asks his juniors to collect maximal bribes. A typical Police Commissioner keeps half of what he collects and passes the half to MLAs, Home Minister and CM. How come you, the reader, did not know that US citizens can expel their Police Chiefs? Because the EIIs (EII = Eminent Intellectuals of India) do not want citizens of India to know that “US citizens have procedure to expel District Police Chiefs” because EIIs don’t want citizens of India to demand such procedures. Please see Right to recall by Citizens-District Police Commissioner in chapter 22.
This GN we demand does not require allocation of hundreds of crores of rupees, does not require allocation of 1000s of staff, does not require 1000s of buildings or roads. And as per our Constitution as interpreted by the Citizens, CM does not need approval of MLAs to enact this change. Yet all parties’ MPs and all eminent intellectuals are hostile to this proposed Govt Notification. All parties’ leaders have hated this proposal and their CMs and PM have sworn not to sign this GN we demand. All eminent intellectuals of India have opposed this proposal and have asked CMs and PM not sign this RTR GN. Why? The process of change happens when crores of citizens want change and becomes unstoppable when each of these crores of citizens know that crores of citizens are with him. Let me repeat this sentence, as the sentence covers theme of all major changes that citizens brought in past 3000 years. The process of change happens when crores of citizens have agreed, and crores of citizens know that crores of citizens have agreed.
The “crores of citizens knowing what crores of citizens want” is the “Zero of Political Arithmetic”. The intellectuals and mediamen always try to convince each of the common that he is all alone and rest of the crores of commons are unaware and sleeping. RTR not only enables citizen to file YES/NO on a proposed change, but if crores of citizens have agreed for a change, then all crores of citizens come to know that crores of citizens do want this change. It does not allow media-owners to create an image that “people don’t care”. RTR reduces the power of media-owners in twisting images on priorities of the crores of citizens.
RTR law draft can be passed trivially using TCP. But without TCP, it will take you perhaps ages & ages to get RTR passed. In other words, time taken to get TCP passed = T, then Time taken to pass RTR via TCP is (T + 3 months) . While time taken to pass RTR without Citizens Voice is 10 * T. That is because RTR draft is 6 pages long, and it will be take weeks for one activist to communicate from one activist to another. Whereas TCP is something one activist can communicate to another activist in one day.
We can show that salary of the clerk, the cost of the PC, cost of server, cost of bandwidth etc everything is feasible. One clerk can register about 200-300 YES/NO. So that would fetch Rs 600 to Rs 900. A clerk needs no more salary than Rs 150 to rs 300 a day. The servers are available for free up to 100 MB data and cost as low as Rs 1000 per month for 200 GB data. The PCs are Rs 25000 a piece with OS cost and will be covered in few days. So startup cost is low, and as number of YES/NO increases it would increase but would get covered by Rs 3 fee.
The expense on Govt is ZERO. Yes, zero. And each person who wants to a change has to give Rs 3 fee and when secure SMS protocol comes (which can come today if TRAI signs a paper), cost reduces to below 1 paise per citizen !! And how much would RTR cost? Rs 200 cr withour secure SMS and barely Rs 3 cr when secure SMS comes. Is that too much a cost in YOUR opinion?
Now do you believe that people should be allowed to file cases in courts? Well, filing case in courts is 100 times more expensive than process we listed. So if our process is too expensive IYO, courts are also expensive. So IYO, people should be banned from filing cases in courts , right ? !! Or, if you are fine with the process of filing cases in courts, which is far more expensive than filing YES/NO, why do oppose letting commons register YES/NO.
A- It is false propaganda that common man votes on casteist and religious lines , e.g. Mayawati got votes of Brahmins. Secondly, Castes are further split into sub-castes. If anyone tries to woo a particular caste or sub-caste, he/she will end up not be chosen since the numbers of subcaste/caste are not enough for the candidate to become PM, CM etc. The numbers of any sub-castes at state level is not more than 10% and to become CM or PM, at least 35% approvals are needed. And other castes may not vote for him/her as the candidate will be labeled as pro a particular caste.
A- (i) We need Right to recall over all postitions which have discretionary powers and which have authority over at least one lakh voters. Lower positions have less discretionary power and the authority can influence less number of citizens . Therefore for lower positions, jury sytem (randomly selected people from district, state etc give judgements) is more beneficial.
(ii) The purpose of RTR procedure is to make the post accountable DIRECTLY to the people. A authority is accountable to that person who has the power to remove the authority.If the authority is accountable to a regulator like super-lokpal or super-super lokpal, MNCs can buy out both the lokpal and the super-lokpal or even the super-super lokpal because they are few in number but the MNCs cannot buy out or influence crores of common people. Thus, the RTR will act as a deterrent in 99% of the cases when RTR procedures are in place and in 1% of the cases, the corrupt person will be replaced by a honest person.
(iii) If there is only right to recall over MPs and not right to recall over PM, then how the citizens will come to know about MPs in their district and how will they communicate with the other citizens of the country and how will they tell other citizens what is their choice for alternate PM if the present PM is not working in the interest of the country ? And how will they communicate with other citizens of the district and tell which MP they like ?
For communication with other citizens of the country and the district, Right to recall-PM and Transparent Complaint / Proposal Procedure (TCP) is needed for the commons. And also the MPs do not have any procedure to expel the MPs or Judges so that they can pressurise the MPs/Judges to work in the interest of the country. So, Right to recall over Judges, Right to recall over lokpal is needed.
If there is only RTR-MP and no RTR-PM, how will the citizens communicate with their respective MP and with the other citizens of the country what is their choice for alternative PM, in case sitting PM is not working in the interest of the country ? How will they communicate with the people of the districts which MP they want ?
For this , they need RTR-PM &Transparent Complaint procedure.
And MPs have no authority to remove lokpal or judges, so they will not be able to put pressure on them , in working for the interest of the country.
A- M.N. Roy, the first person who wrote constitution of India called "Draft Constitution of India" in 1946 said that" Without recall over legislators, elections will be useless." And even Rajiv Dixit ji said "First Right to recall, then Elections" If there is no right to recall over the netas, we , the common people cannot remove the neta when they become corrupt. But if we have a procedure to anytime remove/replace the corrupt, then this will serve as a "hanging sword" over the neta and the neta will do their job better rather than indulge in corruption. But without recall procedures, 99% of the authorities become corrupt after getting power. And God did not put stamps on people's foreheads that they can know the 1% who will not become corrupt. Therefore, "First Right to recall, then Elections".
The procedure of negative voting is effective only at the time of elections. The candidate which is "honest" or has a honest image sells out after the elections. And the commons have no control over the authority for five years. Moreover, in case of judges, PM,CM which are not elected, the commons have no control over them what so ever.
That is why we need procedures by which the authorities are accountable to the citizens at all times.
"None of the above" option at the time of elections gives power to reject a candidate to the voter only at the time of elections. But after the elections, the authority will not be accountable to the masses and will work against the interests of the public.
`100 % compulsory voting` is useless without the authorities like police and judges accountable to the public and even can be harmful. The corrupt judges and police can misuse this law to blackmail and take bribes from those persons who due to some circumstances cannot vote.
Making a law for 100% compulsory voting and imposing fine for those who did not vote will lead to misuse of this law by the police/judges who can blackmail and take bribes from those who for some compulsion cannot vote like being away from home, etc.
At present, many people do not vote and show lack of interest in country affairs as they have to chose the less bad from among the bad and criminal candidates. The corrupt judges and police give protection to the goondas, who prevent and discourage honest people from entering politics, but with recall procedures such as RTR-supreme court chief justice and RTR- police commissioner in place, the goondas will not be protected by the judges and police , so honest people will enter politics or will be bought by the public via recall procedures. Thus, interest of voters and the voting percentage will also increase naturally once recall procedures are in place.
While if the RTR procedures are in place , RTR will act as a deterrent against corruption in 99% of the cases and in 1% of the cases, the corrupt will be replaced by the honest. In this way, with full rights , the people will also take more interest in voting and country affairs since they know they have the power to replace the corrupt.
The one pattern which is always seen and never an exception is : an official behaves well only if citizens have procedures to expel/imprison him. If commons have no procedure to expel/imprison him, no matter how is chosen --- direct election, indirect election, written exam etc --- he is always corrupt.
One example is ancient Greece, where many officials were appointed by lottery !! And yet corrupt was low, because a complaint of corruption was decided up on a Jury of 200, 400 or 600 citizens depending on level of the accused (wealthier and the more powerful the accused, more the number of Jurors). This Jury had powers to expel him as well as execute him. So officers in Greece behaved well, and complaint of corruption was low. Whereas in India, we have 10s of checks and balances, and 10s of institutions , 10s of safe guards, 10s of audits and 10s of disclosures. But no procedure by which citizens can expel/punish officers. And so almost all officers we see are corrupt.
First of all, all these drafts will come by mass objective approval via T.C.P (Transparent Complaint / Proposal Procedure) . When the PM is forced to print TCP in Gazette, next day, I or anyone else can ask these draft-affidavits to be scanned and put on PM website at collector office and these drafts will come via objectively provable approval and pressure of crores of commons.
India has 700 districts and each district has 20-30 nodal head like Collector, SP, DEO, District Supply Officer etc. There is no way PM alone can manage 700*30 = 21000 heads. So PM will have to depend on a staff of supervisors between him and 21000 district heads. This staff has no glory to gain -- if they supervise well, all credit will go to PM. So these intermediate supervisors will become source of corruption as well as lethargy. Also, district heads have no glory to gain if they perform well. So they too will do only what is asked by supervisors and will stop being creative.
Where in RTR-over-all, each sees that public feedback can not just punish him, but also later promote him in more areas and at higher level. eg in RTR-DEO procedure I have proposed (see chap-30 of 301.pdf ) , if a citizens can appoint a person as DEO of upto 10 districts. Hence he has reason, motive to be creative and improve. If he works under PM with no RTR over him, he has no reason to be creative and improve beyond what is asked to do.
In the absence of democratic procedures like TCP, RTR over PM, CM, judges, etc, Jury system, etc, the courts, police will be unfair and favour the MNCs and let them increase their dominance over the country.
Increasing MNC dominance over administration, judiciary, media, regulatory bodies like lokpal will be accompanied by destruction of local industries, weakening of maths/science education of the country, destruction of the country`s agriculture, no real manufacturing in the country and the country will be dependent on the MNCs. All or majority of the goods will be imported, there will be further weakening the military of the country (already military is very weak), increase of influx of illegal Bangladeshis which can lead anytime to foreign invasion.
Today, more and poor are turning towards Naxalism and/or Christianist missionaries or both for good food, medicine, education etc. Eventually, this will lead to militancy, as it did in Nepal and worsen the strife in areas such as Orissa, parts of AP, parts of MP, parts of Chhatisgadh etc
The country will eventually split into many Philippine like MNC puppet, economic-slave countries or become slave country like Iraq. After economic or physical enslavement, 99% of the people of the country will be looted and raped including the elite.
A dictator or a strong leader, even if becomes PM, is not so powerful to counter the might of the MNCs. The MNCs today have control over most of mainstream media, organised social media, Judiciary, NGOs. Using their influence over paid media, they create clones and time-wasters like Anna, Arvind Kejriwal, Subramaniam Swamy so as to bring about a split vote with no clear majority for any party or group of parties, which is easier to manipulate for the MNCs. MNC sponsored Paid media projects fake and phony people like The Anna and Arvind Kejriwal as solutions, and activists get one sided information, become their followers and end up wasting time. So solution-drafts don’t come on the horizon.
Even if say somehow a party or a group of parties gets majority in loksabha, no party has majority in rajyasabha, which is needed to pass laws in parliament. Getting majority in both houses is highly improbable and will take at least 10 years. Say somehow in 10 years, a party/group of parties gets majority in both houses and passes these democratic laws, still the Supreme Court judges, who are mostly agents of corrupt MNCs, can cancel these laws. In 1977, CIA sponsored Judge cancelled PM/MP status of Indira Gandhi for no valid reason.
In short, corrupt MNCs can suppress the strong leader PM or buy him out or get him/her killed just like Lal Bahadur Shashtri was killed. Only crores of commons via Udham Singh centric, activist guided, solution-draft lead mass movement for democratic procedures like TCP can take on the mighty corrupt MNC lobby and force the public servants to (see chapter 53, www.righttorecall.info/301.pdf) print these laws in Gazette notification (Gazette means instructions printed by PM or CM to the government officers)
Social work and activism is very much different. Activism involves informing commons about the good/bad procedure-drafts for the country and trying to bring good procedure-drafts needed for the critical problems of the country like MNC dominance, weakening military, illegal Bangladeshi problem, unjust judicial system, poverty, etc. While I am not downplaying social work, social work is insufficient to improve the courts, military and police of a country. Military, courts, police are needed to protect the schools and RTR-DEO, TCP is needed to improve the education of the country.
The Right to recall procedures which we have proposed are much less subjective than the existing procedures and examinations for high level posts like RBI-governor, PM, CM etc are not possible, without the examination papers being leaked out or being influenced by the money of the elite.
There is no guarantee that those setting the examination will not be bought by the elite, that is they can be easily bought by the elite and used for their benefit.
And the people who the crores of people will support will be having some experience in the field for which the people have supported, due to years of contact with all types of people in politics. Crores of people are not stupid to allow a useless, famous person to come for the post and cause damage to themselves.
Most of the damage is caused not due to lack of good selection procedure, but due to lack of good removal procedure, due to which there is no fear of removal and punishment and the authority forms nexuses and no incentive to do good and get promoted by the public.
As of today, media does not give much information or does not give reliable information. But when Transparent Complaint / Proposal procedure comes into effect, reliable information, which can be verified by any Citizen , will be available to all Citizens.( Upto certain extent, some reliable information, is now available since internet has come)
Let us say that in a Coal scam, some corrupt prime minister offers a corrupt industrialist a coal block worth Rs. 10,000 rupees in return for depositing a bribe of Rs. 1000 crore in foreign secret account of the PM and giving the government only royalty of 100 rupees per tonne of coal while the real market price of coal is 2500 rupees per tonne.
Now, how will this stop with coming of TCP, RTR procedures in gazette notification ?
Because to earn back the money given by the corrupt industrialist in return for the favour of giving coal blocks will take lot of time and after coming of TCP, MRCM (Mineral Royalty for Commons and Military, see chapter 5, www.righttorecall.info/301.pdf) , the commons can force the taking back of coal blocks given to the corrupt industrialist. This will cause a big loss to the industrialist. That is why, if these procedures are in place, the industrialist will not take any bribe.
Secondly, the citizens can demand and force hanging or punishment of corrupt prime minister via TCP so that the PM will fear demanding bribes.